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SOME important knowledge about india

Some important knowledge about india

This Blog provide some general knowledge about the India.This blog provide all       details[Geographical Data,Demographical Data, Agricultural Data, National Emblam, National Anthem, National Songs, National Calendar, National Flag, National Symbols, Population Growth, Litercy] 

Geographical Data
India, with an area of 32,87,263 is the seventh largest country in the world.
The countries which are larger than India (in area) are Russia, Canada, China, USA, Brazil and Australia.
India's land boundary is approximately 15,200 km and the coastline of 7516.6 km. Ratio of about 2: 1
In Indian states, Gujarat has the longest coast line of approximately 1600 kms.
Kanyakumari is the southernmost point of Indian mainland. Indira Point, which is the southernmost point of India, was submerged in the 2004 tsunami.
Countries with which there is a common border with India are Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar and Bangladesh.
India shares the longest border with Bangladesh (4,000 km appx).
The nearest country with which India does not share the border, Sri Lanka has been separated from India by a narrow channel of sea formed by Pal Strait.    On one side and the other side of Mannar Bay.
India’s Position in the World
Agricultural Production
Largest producer of milk.
Largest producer of millets in the world
Largest producer of jute.
Largest producer of ginger.
Largest producer of bananas.
Largest producer of castor oil seeds.
Largest producer of mangoes.
Largest producer of safflower oil seeds.
Largest producer of papayas.
Largest producer of cottonseed (As per International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC) report for the month of March 2017)
Second largest producer of tea, the first position being held by China.
The second largest producer of sugarcane, the first position organized by Brazil.
China is the second largest producer of wheat, the first position is being organized by China.
Second largest producer of onions, the first position being held by China.
Second largest producer of potatoes, the first position being held by China.
The second largest producer of garlic, the first position organized by China.
China is the second largest producer of rice, the first position being organized by China.
Second largest producer of cement., next to China.
First position is being organized by China, the second largest producer of silk.
Note: Agriculture information is according to the latest data available on the website of Food and Agriculture Organization.

The first to begin family planning, supported by the government in the world.
The largest postal network in the world
The largest livestock population
The largest consumer of gold ornaments
India has the world's second largest agricultural land. The United States has the world's largest agricultural land.
India is the world's third largest producer and second largest consumer of fertilizer.
India has the largest deposit of thorium in the world

National Symbols of India

National Emblem

The National Emblem is an adaptation from the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka.

At the bottom of the national symbol four small animals are horses and bulls (visible) and lions and elephants (not visible).

On January 26, 1950, the national symbol was adopted by the Government of India.

The 'Satyameva Jayate' mentioned below has been taken from Mundka Upanishad.


National Anthem

The national anthem 'Jana Gana Mana' was first sung at Calcutta session of Indian National Congress in 1911, 27 Dec.

It was adopted by the Indian constitution on 24 Jan 1950.

Its English rendering has been given by Tagore himself.

The song was composed originally in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, the National Anthem is its Hindi version.

The complete song consists of five stanzas. The first stanza contains the full version of the National Anthem.

The playing time for full version of the song is 52 seconds.


National Song

National song Vande Mataram has been taken from Anand Math of Bankim Chandra Chatterjee.

This was first sung in 1896 session of the INC.

Sri Aurobindo has given its English rendering.


National Calendar

The national calendar based on the Saka Era was adopted on 22 Mar 1957.

Chaitra is the first month of the year whose 1st day falls on 22 March normally and on 21 March in a leap year.

The national calendar also has 365/366 days

Chaitra has 30 days normally and 31 days in a leap year.


National Flag

The design of the national flag was adopted on 22 July 1947.

The ratio of width of the flag to its length is two to three.

The design of the wheel at the centre is taken from the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka.

The 'Dharmachakra' (wheel) at the centre has 24 spokes.

The display of the National Flag is governed by Flag Code of India, 2002, which took effect on 26 Jan 2002.

According to the provisions of the Flag Code of India, 2002, there will be no restriction on the display of the national flag by the members of the general public, private organizations, educational institutions etc. except the limit provided in the symbols and names (Prevention of Unfair Use) Act , 1950 and prevention of insults, the National Assurances Act, 1971 and any other laws enacted on the subject.


Other National Symbols

The national bird is Peacock (Pavo cristatus)

The national fruit is Mango (Magnifera indica)

The national flower is Lotus (Nelumbo Nucifera)

The national tree is Banyan (Ficus benghalensis)

The national animal is Tiger (Panthera tigris)

The national aquatic animal is River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica)

The national river is the Ganges


Comparison-National Anthem and National  Song

National Anthem

National Song


Jana Gana Mana

Vande Mataram


Rabindranath Tagore

Bankim Chandra Chatterji

Originally written



1st sung in

1911, Kolkata

1896, Kolkata

English rendering by


Shri Aurobindo


Population Facts about India

General Points

As per Census 2011, India's population stood at 1,21,05,69,573.

Census moment, the referral time on which the population snapshot was taken was 00.00 hours of March 1, 2001. Until the 1991 census, the sunrise of 1 March was taken as a moment of census.

On March 1, 2001, India had a population of 1,028 million (532.1 million men and 496.4 million women).

In the decade 2001-11, the population of India increased by 184,55,986 (17.64%) to 1.64% per annum.

India is 2.4 percent less than the 135.79 million square km of world surface area. Nevertheless, it supports and maintains 17.5 percent of the world's population.


India in relation to other countries

The growth of India's population during the 2001-11 decade is slightly lower than the Brazilian population, which is the fifth most populous country in the world.

China's growth rate of 0.53% compared to India's 1.64%. At present rate, India is expected to overtake China as China's most populous country by 2030.

Three most populous countries of the world viz. China (1.34 billion), India (1.21 billion) and USA (308.7 million) account for 40% population of the world.


Population Growth - 1901-2011

The population of India in 1901 was 23,83,96,327. It increased more than four times by 2011.

In the first half of the twentieth century, the population of India increased only one and a half times, while it registered a threefold increase in the second half of the century.

During 1911-19 21, there was a negative growth in India's population, when its population decreased from 25,20,93,390 to 25,13,21,213.

In 1951, India's population was 36,10,88,090 after four years of independence.


Density of Population

India's population density is 382 people per square kilometer, whereas in 2001 it was 325 people.

In India, in 1901 the population density of 77 people per sq. Km.


Gender Composition

Out of the total population, the number of males in India is 62,37,34,248 and the number of females is 58,64,69,174.

The above figures give sex ratio of 943 females per 1000 males, which is 10 points improvement in the sex ratio of 933 in 2001.

In 1901, India had the highest gender ratio when it was 9 72 and in 1991 it was the worst when it was 927.

Compared to Pakistan (943), Sri Lanka (1034), Nepal (1014), Myanmar (1048) and Bangladesh (978), India has poor sex ratio, while China (926) is better than Afghanistan (931). And Bhutan (879).



As per 2011 census, the total literacy rate is 74.04%. Literacy rate was 65% in 2001.

Literacy rate is 82.14% for men and 65.46% for women.

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